Regarding the question, how do birds mate? We must say that reproduction in birds can be a bit more complex than those of other animals, they reproduce sexually, they have separate sexes and also internal fertilization, this means that males and females must mate for reproduction to occur. Mating in most bird species is preceded by courtship and also in some species the parents care for the eggs and their hatching.
Courtship and mating
Courtship is a kind of ritual in birds, a behavior in order to try to attract a mate. This can involve the singing of songs or also some type of exhibition in front of the female, either of her strength or beauty, as for example a bird can open and show its tail feathers or carry out a dance, it can also show its skills to survive predators, among other things. Usually, the males are the ones who carry out this courtship ritual and the females are in charge of choosing their mate among the competing males.
If the courtship of the male is effective then we move on to mating, where the male presses his cloaca against that of the female and passes the sperm from it to hers. After fertilization, the eggs exit the female’s body through the same opening.
Nest construction and incubation
The eggs of birds are usually laid in nests. The nest can be a small hole in the ground or it can be very elaborate like the nest of weaver birds, which are built with great detail and complexity, some architects. The eggs that are deposited on the ground can be camouflaged to blend in with their surroundings, thus misleading predators, the eggs are always white or colors such as light blue and pale pink.
After the birds lay their eggs, they generally keep them warm with the help of their body temperature, while the embryo continues to develop within it, this is called hatching or hatching. In most species, the parents stay together throughout the breeding season, in some species they can stay together for life. By being together, both the male and female can hatch and then worry about hatching the eggs. This type of behavior makes birds the only non-human vertebrates that have this level of parental involvement.
How do birds lay eggs without mate?
Even if your bird lives, it is only possible that at some point it will lay eggs. If it is a very young animal, less than one year old, it can be dangerous for the normal development of the bird.
If she has laid an egg, then it is a female who is also apparently in heat, she enters this state since something in her environment suggests the need to procreate. This can be the presence of a nest or material for the construction of a nest, be it leaves, branches, stones or some object that accepts as a couple like a stuffed animal or its own reflection in a mirror. Although it can also simply occur due to the change in temperatures, beginning of autumn, in winter or spring, seasons that give your bird a natural stimulus and that suggest it to start a family.